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JAMES R. ADAMS, farmer, Utica, is a native of Venango county, Pennsylvania, and son of James Adams, whose father, James Adams, Sr., was the first settler on the present site of Utica. James Adams, Jr., was reared in this county, was a farmer by occupation, in connection with which calling he carried on the manufacture of woolen goods at Utica for a number of years. His wife, Eliza, was the daughter of John McDonald, one of the pioneer settlers of Venango county in the vicinity of Franklin. They were the parents of the following children: Mrs. Elizabeth Duffield; Mrs. Mary McCracken; James R.; Mrs. Jane Williamson; John, and Rachel, the last three deceased. Mr. Adams died in August, 1880, aged eighty- five years, his widow surviving him nearly four years, and dying in January, 1884, having reached the same advanced age. James R. Adams was born June 1, 1836, and grew to manhood on the home place, within the present limits of Utica, which he still owns. His early educational advantages embraced the branches taught in the schools of Utica, and later he attended a select school at Salem, Ohio, and the Iron City Commercial College, Pittsburgh, where he completed a business course. He then accepted a position as book- keeper with the firm of Mason & Company, Pittsburgh, but soon severed his connection with this house for the purpose of making a tour of the southern and southwestern states. Returning to Venango county, he engaged in the oil business, but abandoned it a few months later, and in the fall of 1862 entered the army as first lieutenant of an independent company of infantry known as the Keystone Rifles, with which he served for a period of ten months. Before the expiration of his term of service he was elected captain of a volunteer company from the District of Columbia, but on account of poor health was obliged to decline the promotion and returned to his home. For four or five years after quitting the service Mr. Adams operated a woolen factory in Utica, and in 1869 engaged in farming, which he still carries on. In connection with his farming interests he is engaged in the stock business, making a specialty of fine blooded horses. Mr. Adams was married July 3, 1864, to Miss Jane Pinkerton of Venango county, who died the following year, leaving one child, John E. On the 31st of December, 1867, he was again married to Miss Sarah, daughter of William and Jane Gilmore, who has borne him the following children: Quinton, deceased; Harriet; Charles; Ralph, deceased; Edgar; Eliza J.; William, and Mabel L. In politics Mr. Adams was formerly a Republican, but of late years he has been a supporter of the Greenback party.